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A Quick Look Into the History of Jewellery From Prehistoric Times to the Period of the Roman Empire

Gemstones are rocks or minerals that have been cut and polished to be used in jewelry. They can now be found in many countries all over the world and are often very valuable. The most well-known gemstones are rubies, emeralds, pearls, diamonds, and sapphires.

Jewelry, like real amethyst stone necklaces, has always fascinated people, even from prehistoric times. The question is, why? Why do humans value jewels, and why are they held in high esteem?

Let's quickly take a trip back in time to find answers:

From Function to Fashion

Our ancestors wore jewelry made out of materials such as stone, bone, and shell. The jewelry had a purpose, such as holding clothing together or symbolizing religious beliefs. Over time, people began to wear jewelry purely for its aesthetic value.

The first gemstones were likely found by people looking for food. They may have looked through the gravel in a dry riverbed to find them.

The oldest gemstone mined by man is lapis lazuli, a deep blue metamorphic rock. People used it during the Neolithic period in the Hindu Kush region or what is now known as modern Afghanistan.

The Earliest Historical References to Crystals

The earliest historical reference to crystals came from the ancient people of Sumer, which is Iraq today. We discovered from archeological evidence that from around 4000 BC, the Egyptians were already making jewelry using crystals like amethyst and lapis lazuli. Men and women alike wore jewelry and loved adorning themselves with amulets and charms that showcased their immense wealth and high status in society and offered protection from evil.

Even the statues of ancient Egyptian deities and pharaohs were lavishly decorated with gemstones, and their dead were adorned with jewelry so they could take their jewels to the afterlife.

Besides amethyst and lapis lazuli, turquoise was another treasured gem in Ancient Egypt. It was mainly worn by ancient Pharaohs and carved into the form of scarab beetles, serving as a talisman.

Ancient Greeks and Their Love for Precious Stones

The ancient Greeks were fascinated by precious stones and used them in various ways. They believed certain stones had magical powers and could be used to heal the sick, bring good luck, and protect against evil.

The most popular precious stones among the ancient Greeks were diamonds, emeralds, sapphires, and rubies. They also prized amethysts, pearls, and opals. The Greeks strongly believed that diamonds were the tears of the gods and that emeralds could improve eyesight.

The ancient Greeks used precious stones not only for personal adornment but also for practical purposes. They carved them into bowls, drinking cups, and other objects. They also inlaid them into furniture and decorated their homes with them.

Precious stones were a sign of wealth and power in ancient Greece. Only the rich and powerful could afford to own them. They were often given as presents to kings and queens and used to adorn the most important buildings.

The Role of Gemstones in the Roman Empire

Gemstones have always been associated with power and wealth, and the Roman Empire was no exception. The most prized gems were those with a deep, rich color, and the most valuable were those that were rare or difficult to find. The most famous gemstone of the Roman Empire was the Emerald, which was mined in Egypt and was considered to be a gift from the gods. Other popular gemstones included Rubies, Sapphires, and Diamonds.

The Romans believed that gemstones had the power to protect them from evil and bring them good luck. They would often wear them as talismans or keep them close by as amulets. Gemstones were also used in rituals and ceremonies, as they were thought to have mystical properties.


Gemstones have been a part of human culture for thousands of years. They have served as talismans, status symbols, and currency. Today, gemstones are still an essential part of many cultures around the world. They are used in jewelry, art, and industry. Gemstones and jewelry like blue sapphire necklaces are also used as an investment, and their value can fluctuate depending on the market.

Clark and Sons Gems has some of the most exquisite pieces of jewelry you can find today, including sapphire women’s rings and engagement ring gems.

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